For those who have been injured as a result of a third-party’s negligence, there are two methods for being compensated for your injuries. You can sue and obtain a judgment from the court or you can settle the case out of court. Although a jury verdict in a civil lawsuit more often results in a higher damages award, you can never be guaranteed that the jury will find in your favor. In other words, there is always the possibility that you could lose. That is one reason that most personal injury cases settle before trial. If you want to explore that option, a personal injury law firm can help.
Can I Settle After I File My Lawsuit?
It is more common for settlement to occur when either the insurance carrier or the defendant makes an offer of payment before liability has been established. An offer of settlement can be made before the lawsuit is filed. It can also be made after the lawsuit has been filed, but before the case goes to trial. A settlement can occur virtually at any point before a jury verdict, or before the court enters an order dismissing the case. In some cases, a settlement can even be reached while the jury is deliberating.
Companies Often Want to Keep the Cases Confidential
Keeping a case out of the public eye can be especially important for larger companies that have a reputation to protect. For example, if a company has produced a defective product that has only injured a few people, the company will likely opt for a quiet out-of-court settlement. That way they can avoid the inevitable publicity of a trial. When a settlement agreement is drafted, the company will insist on terms that include a requirement of confidentiality.
What Should I Expect Once Settlement is Reached?
If you reach a settlement at any point, part of the terms of the settlement will be that you give up your right to pursue all potential claims against that defendant, arising out of the accident or incident. This is accomplished by signing a full release with regard to liability. For example, in an auto accident case, the auto insurance carrier might offer you $20,000 to settle the case. In order to actually receive that $20,000, you must agree to either not sue that defendant for the car accident, or to dismiss any lawsuit that is already pending regarding the car accident. Your personal injury law firm can help you with the details once a settlement has been reached.
Settling with the Insurance Company
The majority of personal injury cases involve some form of insurance coverage. In many cases, the insurance company will offer a settlement early on, after the claim has been filed. The purpose of insurance is to pay out in situations where a legal claim could be made. Insurance companies have the money to pay out to resolve claims. In fact, they expect to pay out on many claims. Settling is often preferred when insurance companies are involved because, by settling, they can control the costs, including legal fees, and they don’t have to deal with a jury.
Why Do Most Personal Injury Cases Settle?
Settlement provides defendants a way to control the financial risk they face, and to avoid legal costs which can be substantial. Settlement also allows defendants to keep the legal issues raised in the lawsuit out of the public eye. For businesses, that can be very important. Settlement can also be a way to avoid the time involved in a protracted trial. Trials can last for months, if not years; even longer if there is an appeal. For a plaintiff who has been injured and likely needs income, an early settlement would be very appealing. No matter how good your case may seem, whenever the case is filed in court there is always a chance that you might lose the case and receive no compensation at all. Your personal injury law firm can share with you the strengths and weaknesses of your case and the potential benefits of settling.
When Should You Accept a Small Settlement?
Of course, the goal of settlement is to negotiate for the best possible amount of compensation. However, there may be times when it makes more sense to accept a settlement that is much less than a potential recovery in court. For example, if your chance of proving the elements of your claim in court seems very uncertain, taking a settlement might be the best strategy. If your injuries or damages are truly insignificant, then a low settlement might actually be appropriate. In some cases, when insurance coverage is involved and the policy limits are low, that may be all that can be recovered. Settlement for policy limits might be your best or only chance of recovery. Even if you were able to win a larger verdict in court, you might not be able to collect.
If you have questions regarding settlement or any other personal injury matters in Arkansas or Missouri, please contact the Cottrell Law Office for a free consultation. You can contact us either online or by calling us toll-free at (888) 616-6356.
He is licensed to practice law in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas, eastern Arkansas, western Arkansas, and western Missouri. He was Deputy Prosecuting Attorney in Crawford County, Kansas from 1987-1989.
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